Background Information

o   His real name is Eric Arthur Blair and his pen name was George Orwell & John Freeman

o   He was born June 25 1903 in Motihari, Bengal (now Bihar) India, and died January 21 1950

o   Married Eileen O’Shaughnessy in 1935 (Lived 1905-1945)

o   Adopted a son, Richard Horatio in 1944

o   Was an English author and journalist

o   1939-1950 he wrote essays and his subjects included Charles Dickens, William Butler Yeats, Arthur Koestler, and P.G. Wodehouse.

o    Eileen died in the spring of 1945 undergoing routine surgery, her death caused by the anesthetic.

o   In 1949 Blair was struck with tuberculosis, and that same year married Sonia Brownell (Lived 1918-1980)

o   He suddenly died in 1950 at the age of 46 to tuberculosis in Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire, England.


o   At 5, Blair entered the Anglican Parish School of Henley-on-Thames

o   At 7, Entered Prestigious St. Cyprian’s school in Sussex

§  Wrote his first published work, a poem “Awake! Young Men of England”

o   Earned a scholarship to Eton College where he attended between 1917-1921


o   Blair went to Burma (now Myanmar) in 1922 joining the Indian Imperial Police.

§  For 5 years he grew to love the Burmese and resent the oppression of imperialism and decided to become a writer instead.

o   Worked at ‘Hotel X’ in 1926

o   Was a teacher in 1932

Worked in a bookstore

His Works

o   “A Hanging” (1931)

o   Burmese Days (1934)

o   A Clergyman’s Daughter (1935)

o   “Shooting an Elephant” (1936)

o   The Road to Wigan Pier (1937)

o   Animal Farm (1944)


o   Born in Mothihari, Bengal (now Bihar) India

o   Eric and his mother moved to England in 1904 and his father joined them there in 1912

o   He moved to Paris in 1928

§  He tried his hand at short stories, writing freelance for various periodicals, but destroyed them all because no one would publish them.

o   1929 Blair moved back to England to live in East London

§  adopted his false name George Orwell partly to avoid embarrassing his family

o   Moved to Hampstead, London

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