Satire: The writer attacks a serious issue by presenting it in a ridiculous light or otherwise poking fun at it.

Animal Farm is an animal satire through which Orwell indirectly attacks the Russian Communism, on Stalinism. Through a humorous and effective animal allegory, Orwell directs his satiric attack on the events of the Russian Revolution and on the totalitarian regime. This novel tells a story that people of all ages can understand, but it also tells us a second story of the real-life revolution.

“Why then do we continue in this miserable condition? Because nearly the whole of the produce of our labour is stolen from us by human beings.”

            -Animal Farm Chapter 1

Animal Farm uses three specific types of irony. The story uses verbal, dramatic, and situational irony. 
Verbal Irony: This type of irony occurs when Napoleon states that it was not possible to bring back Boxer's remains. It was not possible to bring back the remains because Boxer was sold to the glue factory. 
Dramatic Irony: An example of this is when the animals find Squealer lying stunned by the barn with a broken ladder and an overturned bucket of paint nearby. The characters do not realize, as the reader does, that Squealer has been modifying the commandments all along.
Situational Irony: One example of this type of irony is when the memorial banquet was held for Boxer's death. It is ironic because the pigs are celebrating his death and purchased liquor with the money from his sale.
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